CIA and Heroin 158 -.
While the CIA ran its operations during the Vietnam War, the Golden Triangle supplied the world with most of its heroin. After that war ended in 1975, an intriguing event took place in 1979 when Zbigniew Brzezinski covertly manipulated the Soviet Union into invading Afghanistan.During the Cold War, the CIA and allied agencies mounted operations in this opium zone. It found that ethnic warlords were its most effective covert action assets. These leaders exploited the CIA alliance to become drug lords, expanding opium production and exporting refined heroin.Obits for “Fabled Hero” of Vietnam War, Vang Pao, Omit CIA Drug Connection. and arms from the CIA, a major source of his financing was the opium trade run. out a book by Alfred McCoy called “The Politics of Heroin in South East Asia,”.In The New York Times of August 28th he protests a recent film resting upon the thesis Mr. Mirsky espouses, that CIA and Air America were using drug money to finance the war in Southeast Asia and condoning the refining and exportation of heroin both to G. I.’s in that part of the world and to the American public. As Mr. Robbins says, “It just isn’t so.” American star int'l transport trading co ltd. Recent news item: The Justice Department is investigating allegations that officers of a special Venezuelan anti-drug unit funded by the CIA smuggled more than 2,000 pounds of cocaine into the United States with the knowledge of CIA officials - despite protests by the Drug Enforcement Administration, the organization responsible for enforcing U. DEA country attachés are required to employ the standard State Department cipher, and all their transmissions are made available to the CIA station chief. Until recently, no DEA country attaché overseas was allowed to initiate an investigation into a suspected drug trafficker or attempt to recruit an informant without clearance from the local CIA station chief. Let us put the Venezuelan case in context: To protect its "assets" abroad, the CIA has ensured that the DEA's concerns outside the country were subordinated to its own. The agency has never been above using individuals or organizations with known links to drug trafficking if it thought they could help it further its national security mission.
Obits for "Fabled Hero" of Vietnam War, Vang Pao, Omit CIA.
The CIA also has access to all DEA investigative reports, and informants' and targets' identities when DEA activities outside the United States were involved.In Costa Rica, when the war against Nicaragua's Sandinista government was at its peak and cocaine was beginning to pour into the United States, the DEA attaché wanted to place cameras at clandestine airstrips from which he suspected drugs were being flown to the United States.The CIA resident gave him a list of airstrips on which he was not to place cameras. They were the strips into which the CIA was flying arms for the contras.Some were also strips from which the DEA agent suspected drugs were being flown to the United States. CIA ties to international drug trafficking date to the Korean War.Shortly after the kidnapping and brutal murder of the DEA's Enrique Camarena in Mexico, Francis Mullen, the DEA administrator, was taken by the CIA station chief in Mexico City to Mexico's director of federal security, a man who, the station chief confided, was a CIA asset. Mullen told me, denied any knowledge of the affair. A DEA investigation revealed that he had been connected - a man on the CIA payroll, no less - to the murder of a U. In 1949, two of Chiang Kai-shek's defeated generals, Li Wen Huan and Tuan Shi Wen, marched their Third and Fifth Route armies, with families and livestock, across the mountains to northern Burma.
The first book to prove CIA and U. S. government complicity in global drug trafficking, The Politics of Heroin includes meticulous documentation of dishonesty and dirty dealings at the highest levels from the Cold War until today.The first book to prove CIA and U. S. government complicity in global drug. and America The Most Comprehensive Documented History of the Vietnam War.The report directly connects the transport of opium and its conversion into heroin to the Hmong CIA mercenary army fighting an undeclared war against the North Vietnamese and Laotian communists. In fact, the Chinese wanted them to repel any attack by the Burmese.Soon intelligence began to flow to Washington from the area, which became known as the Golden Triangle.So, too, did heroin, en route to Southeast Asia and often to the United States.If the agency never condoned the traffic, it never tried to stop it, either.
Heroin, Laos, & the CIA - The New York Review of Books
The Nationalist Chinese army, organized by the CIA to wage war against Communist China, became the opium barons of The Golden Triangle parts of Burma, Thailand and Laos, the world’s largest source of opium and heroin. Air America, the ClA’s principal airline proprietary, flew the drugs all over Southeast Asia.In Southeast Asia SEA, during the Vietnam War, the CIA worked alongside Laotian general Vang Pao in an effort to help make Laos the world’s largest exporter of heroin. The CIA then flew drugs all over SEA, allowing the Golden Triangle parts of Burma, Thailand, and Laos to become the world hub for heroin.This CIA-transported opium engendered an addiction rate among US servicemen in Vietnam of up to 30 percent, with the soldiers spending some million a year in Vietnam on heroin. The agency's surrogate there was a Laotian general, Vang Pao, who commanded Military Region 2 in northern Laos.He enlisted 30,000 Hmong tribesmen in the service of the CIA.These tribesmen continued to grow, as they had for generations, the opium poppy.
The book accused the CIA of supporting opium warlords in Southeast Asia and. who are also Vietnam veterans, competing for his share in the drug trade.The heroin epidemic is now affecting cities and towns across the U. S. Edstrom estimates that 165,000 American’s will die from the heroin epidemic in the next 10 years The War in Afghanistan began as an opium war against Iran, Russia and China, the tables are turning into an opium war against Americans on track to kill 165,000 Americans 2016-2026.Henderson provided more details “After the Vietnam War when heroin stopped coming out of the Golden Triangle, the CIA set up bases near Afghanistan in the late 1970s. CIA asset Osama bin Laden helped train these men, and soon warlords were planting poppies. It doesn’t take a rocket scientist to figure this out. Cach trade item tren web. [[A pair of BNDD agents tried to seize an Air America DC-3 loaded with heroin packed into boxes of Tide soap powder.At the CIA's behest, they were ordered to release the plane and drop the inquiry. Ingersoll to Panama to warn the country's military dictator, General Omar Torrijos, about the activities of Mr.The CIA was made officially aware of Manuel Antonio Noriega's involvement in the drug traffic in 1972, when Mr. Noriega's ties to the CIA, as was President Richard Nixon. Noriega and General Torrijos's brother Moises, Mr.
Noriega was chief of intelligence of the Panama National Guard, and a promising CIA asset. Noriega was taking payoffs for allowing heroin to flow from Spain, through Panama City airport, and on to the United States. Noriega compiled by Jack Ingersoll, then chief of the BNDD. Ingersoll hoped that law enforcement was finally "beginning to get the upper hand in its ongoing struggle with the CIA." He was wrong. Shortly after General Torrijos's death in a mysterious airplane crash, Mr.The Watergate break-in occurred shortly after his visit. Nixon needed CIA support; his enthusiasm for the drug war evaporated. Ingersoll's successors at the newly formed DEA - Peter Bensinger, Francis Mullen and John Lawn - all told me they never saw his file, although they had asked to see everything the DEA had on Mr. Noriega, with CIA assistance, took command of the Panama National Guard.No one in the Reagan administration was prepared to do anything about the Noriega drug connection. Cryptocurrency trading app. As Norman Bailley, a National Security Council staff member at the time, told me, "The CIA and the Pentagon were resolutely opposed to acting on that knowledge, because they were a hell of a lot more worried about trying to keep Panama on our side with reference to Nicaragua than they were about drugs." Nowhere, however, was the CIA more closely tied to drug traffic than it was in Pakistan during the Afghan War.As its principal conduit for arms and money to the Afghan guerrillas, the agency chose the Pakistan military's Inter-Services Intelligence Bureau.The ISI in turn steered the CIA's support toward Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, an Islamic fundamentalist. Hekmatyar received almost half of the agency's financial support during the war, and his fighters were valiant and effective.
But many of his commanders were also major heroin traffickers.As it had in Laos, the heroin traffic blossomed in the shadows of a CIA-sustained guerrilla war.Soon the trucks that delivered arms to the guerrillas in Afghanistan were coming back down the Khyber Pass full of heroin. Counterfeit trading transaction. The conflict and its aftermath have given the world another Golden Triangle: the Golden Crescent, sweeping through Afghanistan, Pakistan and parts of the former Soviet Union.Many of those involved in the drug traffic are men who were once armed, trained and financed by the CIA.The writer's latest book, "Black Eagles," deals with the CIA, cocaine traffic and Central America in the mid-'80s.
He contributed this comment to the International Herald Tribune.The United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has been accused of involvement in drug trafficking.Books and investigations on the subject that have received general notice include works by historian Alfred Mc Coy; professor and diplomat Peter Dale Scott; and journalists Gary Webb, and Alexander Cockburn, as well as by writer Larry Collins. Mt4 trading platform. These claims have led to investigations by the United States government, including hearings and reports by the United States House of Representatives, Senate, Department of Justice, and the CIA's Office of the Inspector General. The following is a summary of some of the main claims made by geographical area.During the Korean War, the first allegations of CIA drug trafficking surfaced after 1949, stemming from a deal whereby arms were supplied to Chiang Kai-shek's defeated generals in exchange for intelligence.Later in the same region, while the CIA was sponsoring a "Secret War" in Laos from 1961 to 1975, it was openly accused of trafficking heroin in the area then known as the Golden Triangle.
To fight its "Secret War" against the Pathet Lao communist movement of Laos, the CIA used the Miao/Meo (Hmong) population.Because of the war, the Hmong depended upon opium poppy cultivation for hard currency.The Plain of Jars had been captured by Pathet Lao fighters in 1964, which resulted in the Royal Lao Air Force being unable to land its C-47 transport aircraft on the Plain of Jars for opium transport. The Royal Laotian Air Force had almost no light planes that could land on the dirt runways near the mountaintop poppy fields.Having no way to transport their opium, the Hmong were faced with economic ruin.The CIA front Air America was, therefore, the only airline available in northern Laos.